An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith. First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world’s first collected descriptions of what builds nations’ wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.
对国家财富的性质和原因的探讨，通常简称为《国富论》，是苏格兰经济学家和道德哲学家亚当·斯密的巨著。 该书于1776年首次出版，提供了世界上最早关于国家财富积累的描述之一，并且今天已成为古典经济学的基础著作。 通过对工业革命初期的经济学进行反思，该书涉及诸如劳动分工，生产力和自由市场之类的广泛主题。
Adam Smith FRSA was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment, also known as ”The Father of Economics” or ”The Father of Capitalism”.
亚当·斯密（Adam Smith FRSA）是苏格兰的经济学家，哲学家和作家，也是道德哲学家，是政治经济学的开拓者，作为苏格兰启蒙运动期间的重要人物，被称为“经济学之父”或“资本主义之父”。
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